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英国语文第三册(MP3+中英字幕) 第77期:雷利爵士的两种植物

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LESSON 65 Raleigh's Two Plants

第六十五课 雷利爵士的两种植物

In the reign of Queen Elizabeth, two plants were brought to England, for the first time, by Sir Walter Raleigh, both of which are now very much used -- the tobacco-plant and the potato. Sir Walter had sailed across the seas to America, in search of new lands; and he brought back both these plants with him.

在伊丽莎白女王统治时期,有两种植物第一次出现在了英国,这两种植物是沃尔特·雷利爵士带到英国的,现在都很常用--分别是烟草和马铃薯。当时沃尔特爵士为了寻找新大陆而漂洋过海来到美洲,然后他就把这两种植物带了回去。
When he was in America, he had seen the Indians smoke, and before long he acquired the habit himself. He became extremely fond of smoking, and frequently indulged in the practice.
当他在美洲的时候,他看到印第安人在抽烟,不久之后他自己也养成了这种习惯。他变得非常喜欢吸烟,而且经常沉溺于此。
When he returned to England, he was sitting by the fire one day, and began to smoke. In the middle of his smoking, the door opened, and in came his man-servant. Now, this man had never in his life seen any one smoke, and did not know that there was such a plant as tobacco. So, when he saw the smoke coming from his master's mouth, he thought that he was on fire! He cried out in alarm, and ran to fetch a bucket of water to put the fire out; and Sir Walter was deluged before he had time to explain what he was really doing.
回到英国之后,有一天他坐在火旁开始抽烟。他正抽着烟,这时门开了,他的仆人走了进来。这个仆人这辈子从来没有见过任何人抽烟,也不知道有烟草这种植物。所以,当他看到浓烟从他的主人的嘴里冒出来时,他以为他的主人着火了!他惊恐地叫了起来,跑去拿一桶水来把火扑灭了;沃尔特爵士甚至还没来得及解释他到底在做什么,就被泼了一头的水。
But very soon the old servant got used to seeing people with smoke coming out of their mouths; and all the young nobles of the court began to smoke because Sir Walter did so.
但很快,这位老仆人就习惯了看到嘴里的烟的人;宫廷里的所有年轻贵族都开始抽烟,因为沃尔特爵士这样做了。

雷利爵士的两种植物

At first, people did not like the potato at all: nobody would eat it. Yet Sir Walter told them how useful it would be. The potato, he said, could be made to grow in England. He told them that, when the corn-harvest failed -- which it often used to do -- people need not starve if they had plenty of potatoes.

起初,人们一点儿也不喜欢马铃薯:根本没人会吃它。但是沃尔特爵士告诉他们,马铃薯的用处很大。他说,马铃薯可以在英国种植。他告诉他们,过去常常发生玉米歉收的情况,如果人们有足够的马铃薯,那就不会挨饿了。
Queen Elizabeth, who was a very clever woman, listened to what Sir Walter said, and had potatoes served up at her own table. There the grand people who dined with her majesty were obliged to eat them. But they spread a report that the potato was poisonous, because it belongs to the same order as the deadly nightshade and many other poisonous plants. So, in spite of all that the Queen could do, no one would eat potatoes, and they were left for the pigs.
伊丽莎白女王是一个非常聪明的女人,她听了沃尔特爵士的话,让人把马铃薯端到了自己的桌子上。这样一来,那些与女王陛下共进晚餐的显赫人物,就不得不吃马铃薯了。但是他们散布了一份报告,说马铃薯是有毒的,因为它和致命的茄属植物和许多其他有毒植物属于同一目的。所以,不管女王做什么,还是没有人吃马铃薯,这些马铃薯只能喂给了猪。
The people did not find out their mistake till many years afterwards. The poor potato was despised and forgotten till the reign of the French king Louis XVI., when there lived a Frenchman who had made a study of growing plants for food. He felt sure that he could make the potato a great blessing to the country; and he began at once to try.
人们直到许多年后才发现了自己的错误。可怜的马铃薯一直被轻视和遗忘,一直到法国国王路易十六统治的时期。那时有一个对种植粮食作物进行了研究的法国人。他确信自己能使马铃薯成为这个国家的一大恩赐;于是他立刻开始了尝试。
After a great deal of trouble he succeeded. People laughed at him at first, and would not take any notice of what he said. But he went on growing the potato till he brought it to perfection. Even then no one would have eaten it, if its part had not been taken by the king. He had large pieces of ground planted with potatoes, and went about with the flower of the potato in his button-hole.
经过一番折腾,他成功了。起初,人们都嘲笑他,根本不理会他说的话。但他继续埋头种马铃薯,直到让马铃薯做得完美无缺。即使在那个时候,如果不是国王要了一部分,也依然没有人会吃马铃薯。随后国王让人在大片土地上种上马铃薯,并在走路时把马铃薯花插在钮扣孔里。
No one dared to laugh at the king; and when he said that potatoes were to be eaten, people began to find out how good and wholesome they were. By degrees the potato was more and more liked; and now there is hardly any vegetable that is more highly esteemed.
没有人敢嘲笑国王;当国王宣布马铃薯可以吃的时候,人们才开始发现马铃薯是多么有益健康。渐渐地,人们越来越喜欢马铃薯了;现在几乎没有什么蔬菜比它更受大家喜爱了。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
starve [stɑ:v]

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vi. 挨饿,受饿,(将要)饿死
vt. 使挨

 
perfection [pə'fekʃən]

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n. 完美,完善

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blessing ['blesiŋ]

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n. 祝福,祷告

 
bucket ['bʌkit]

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n. 水桶
vt. 装在桶里
vi.

 
extremely [iks'tri:mli]

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adv. 极其,非常

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wholesome ['həulsəm]

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adj. 有益健康的,合乎卫生的,健全的

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poisonous ['pɔizənəs]

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adj. 有毒的,恶意的

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spite [spait]

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n. 恶意,怨恨
vt. 刁难,伤害

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spread [spred]

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v. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒
n.

 
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